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:: Volume 23, Issue 2 (6-2014) ::
aud 2014, 23(2): 1-18 Back to browse issues page
Methodes for identification of specific language impairment
Toktam Maleki Shahmahmood 1, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari2, Zahra Soleimani1
1- Department of Speech therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2- Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Abstract:   (6216 Views)

Background and Aim: Specific language impiarment (SLI) is one of the most prevalent developmental language disorders its diagnosis is a problematic issue among researchers and clinicians because of the heterogeneity of language profiles in the affected population and overlapping with other developmental language disorders. The aim of this study was to review the suggested diagnostic criteria for this disorder, controversies about these criteria and identify the most accurate diagnostic methods.

Methods: Published article from 1980 to 2012 in bibliographic and publisher databases including Pubmed, Google scholar, Cochran library, Web of Science, ProQuest, Springer, Oxford, Science direct, Ovid, Iran Medex and Magiran about the diagnostic methods for discriminating preschoool children with specific language impiarment from normal developing children were reviewd in this article. These keywords were used for research: “specific language impairment”, “SLI”, “diagnosis or identification”, “standardized tests”, and “tests for language development”.

Conclusion: The results of this study show inspite of agreement of researchers and clinicians about exclusionary criteria as one basic part of the diagnosis of specific language impiarment , there is no consensus about the other part, inclusionary criteria. Different studies used different inclusionary criteria which can be divided to categories of clincal judgment, discrepancy-based criteria, standardized testing, clinical markers and markers from spontaneous speech samples. Advantages, disadvantages, and clinical applicability of each diagnostic method are discussed in this article.

Keywords: Specific language impairment, diagnosis, identification, formal tests, clinical markers
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Type of Study: Review |
Received: 2013/02/9 | Accepted: 2013/05/5 | Published: 2014/02/1
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Volume 23, Issue 2 (6-2014) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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