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:: Volume 22, Issue 1 (21 2013) ::
aud 2013, 22(1): 41-49 Back to browse issues page
Stress coping strategies in hearing-impaired students
Bahman Akbari1, Zohreh Teymori 1, Shahnam Abolghasemi2, Hamidreza Khorshidiyan2
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tone
Abstract:   (8044 Views)

Background and Aim: The majority of people experience problems and stressors, such as job layoffs and illnesses during their lives. However, the way people cope with stress varies. According to previous research, use of effective coping strategies can significantly reduce stress and tension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of stress coping strategies on hearing-impaired students.
Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, and control group. The sample consisted of 40 hearing-impaired male students of guidance and high schools of the city of Sari, Iran, in the years 2010 and 2011. They were randomly selected and assigned to two experimental and control groups (n=20). The data collection tool was the General Health Questionnaire-28. The experimental group was administered eight sessions of stress coping strategies based on cognitive-behavioral techniques two hours weekly. Data were analyzed using statistical indices including mean, standard deviation, and two-way analysis of variance.
Results: There was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores in the subscales of somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, depression, and social function (p<0.05). Moreover, after the eight sessions the rate of general health of the experimental group was higher than the control group.
Conclusion: Stress coping strategies based on cognitive-behavioral techniques increased the general health of hearing-impaired people. Therefore, stress management training should be developed and expanded as an appropriate intervention.

Keywords: Stress, general health, stress coping strategies, hearing disorder, hearing-impaired students
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/02/8 | Accepted: 2012/08/1 | Published: 2013/10/15
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Volume 22, Issue 1 (21 2013) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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