|||  Journal title: Audiology | Publisher: Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Website: http://aud.tums.ac.ir | Email: aud@tums.ac.ir   |||
   [Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Registration :: Submission :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Contact :: Search ::
:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (8-2014) ::
aud 2014, 23(3): 82-89 Back to browse issues page
The relationship of theory of mind and executive functions in normal, deaf and cochlear-implanted children
Farideh Nazarzadeh 1, Najme Fazlali 1, Nafiseh Mozaffari 1, Ali Mashhadi 1
1- Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (6955 Views)

Background and Aim : Theory of mind refers to the ability to understand the others have mental states that can be different from one's own mental states or facts. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of theory of mind and executive functions in normal hearing, deaf, and cochlear-implanted children.

Methods: The study population consisted of normal, deaf and cochlear-implanted girl students in Mashhad city, Iran. Using random sampling, 30 children (10 normal, 10 deaf and 10 cochlear-implanted) in age groups of 8-12 years old were selected. To measure the theoty of mind, theory of mind 38-item scale and to assess executive function, Coolidge neuropsychological and personality test was used. Research data were analyzed using the Spearman correlation coefficient, analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Results: There was a significant difference between the groups in the theory of mind and executive function subscales, organization, planning-decision-making, and inhibition. Between normal and deaf groups (p=0.01), as well as cochlear-implanted and deaf groups (p=0.01), there was significant difference in planning decision-making subscale. There was not any significant relationship between the theory of mind and executive functions generally or the theory of mind and executive function subscales in these three groups independently.

Conclusion: Based on our findings, cochlear-implanted and deaf children have lower performance in theory of mind and executive function compared with normal hearing children.

Keywords: Theory of mind, executive functions, deaf, cochlear implant
Full-Text [PDF 141 kb]   |   Full Text (HTML)   (1814 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2013/05/12 | Accepted: 2013/12/15 | Published: 2014/02/20
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print



Volume 23, Issue 3 (8-2014) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.28 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3862