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:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (19 2012) ::
aud 2012, 21(4): 1-9 Back to browse issues page
Functional balance tests
Parvin Raji
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Abstract:   (10151 Views)

Background and Aim: All activities of daily living need to balance control in static and dynamic movements. In recent years, a numerous increase can be seen in the functional balance assessment tools. Functional balance tests emphasize on static and dynamic balance, balance in weight transfer, the equilibrium response to the imbalances, and functional mobility. These standardized and available tests assess performance and require minimal or no equipment and short time to run. Functional balance is prerequisite for the most static and dynamic activities in daily life and needs sufficient interaction between sensory and motor systems. According to the critical role of balance in everyday life, and wide application of functional balance tests in the diagnosis and assessment of patients, a review of the functional balance tests was performed.
Methods: The Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Magiran, Iran Medex, and IranDoc databases were reviewed and the reliable and valid tests which were mostly used by Iranian researchers were assessed.
Conclusion: It seems that Berg balance scale (BBS) have been studied by Iranian and foreign researches more than the other tests. This test has high reliability and validity in elderly and in the most neurological disorders.

Keywords: Balance, postural balance, proprioception, functional balance tests
Full-Text [PDF 129 kb]   |   Full Text (HTML)   (4213 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review |
Received: 2012/07/1 | Accepted: 2012/11/4 | Published: 2013/10/15
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Volume 21, Issue 4 (19 2012) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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