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:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (19 2012) ::
aud 2012, 21(4): 68-75 Back to browse issues page
Relationships of oral habits, oral status and lisping among children in day-care centers of Tehran, Iran
Soudabeh Noori 1, Jalil Kooh Paiehzadeh2, Ramin Mozafari Kermani1, Mohammadreza Nateghi1
1- Department of Child Health Research, The Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2- Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Abstract:   (6397 Views)

Background and Aim: Oral habits have hazardous effects on children&aposs speech which are sometimes irreversible and permanent. This study was planned to assess these oral habits among children in day-care centers of Tehran, Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 400 children were selected through multistage sampling from 16 day-care centers in Tehran, Iran, They were 24 to 72-month old. Bottle feeding, pacifier usage and digit sucking were determined. After interviewing parents, oral examination [using Paediatric oral skills package (POSO)] and doing standard Phonetic test, a questionnaire was completed for each child.
Results: Sixty eight had one oral habit. The most prevalent habit was digit sucking (52.9%). The prevalence of bottle feeding, both digit sucking with bottle feeding, and pacifier habit were 38.2%, 7.3% and 1.4%, respectively. There were significant relationship between digit sucking and malocclusion (p<0.001, r=0.4) and hard palate malformationand (p<0.001, r=0.39). Besides, a significant relationship between bottle feeding and  malocclusion (p<0.001, r=0.25) was conduted. Digit sucking had significant relationship with lisping, too (p<0.001, r=0.37). There was no gender priority in oral habits.
Conclusion: Oral habits cause permanent structural conversion in speech producing and oral status.

Keywords: Oral habits, oral status, lisp, children, Iran
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/03/9 | Accepted: 2012/07/23 | Published: 2013/10/15
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Volume 21, Issue 4 (19 2012) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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