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:: Volume 22, Issue 2 (7-2013) ::
aud 2013, 22(2): 17-24 Back to browse issues page
The effect of frequency of knowledge of results on the learning of children with hearing impairment
Jafar Mohammadi1, Maryam Lotfi 2, Mahdi Sohrabi1, Rasool Hemayattalab2
1- Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (10638 Views)

Background and Aim: About 1.5 percent of exceptional children suffer from impaired hearing and this factor affects the teaching and learning process. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of frequency of knowledge of results (KR) on the learning of children with hearing impairment.

Methods: Twenty-four individuals with hearing impairment with the mean age of 10.56 with SD 2.53 years (range: 7-14 years) were divided into three homogenous groups according to their records after pre-test. They practiced for eight sessions according to mentioned ways (feedback of 0%, 50% and 100%). The acquisition, learning and translation tests were run. MANOVA with repeated measures and ANOVA were used to analyze the data from the acquisition, retention and transition tests.

Results: All groups progressed during training and at various stages (acquisition, retention and transition). However, the results of the comparison between means of the three training groups showed significant differences in the acquisition process (p=0.008), learning (p=0.001) and transition (p=0.035). This means that feedback training groups (100%) had better performance in acquisition process, and also in retention and transition (50%).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, too much feedback interferes with learning of tasks in individuals with hearing impairment and feedback (50%) had better learning. This finding shows that rules regarding feedback also affect the people with hearing impairment.

Keywords: Feedback, hearing impairment, acquisition, retention, transfer, dart throwing
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/05/1 | Accepted: 2012/10/31 | Published: 2013/10/15
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Volume 22, Issue 2 (7-2013) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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