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:: Volume 22, Issue 1 (21 2013) ::
aud 2013, 22(1): 67-74 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of reading comprehension and working memory in hearing-impaired and normal-hearing children
Mohammad Rezaei 1, Vahid Rashedi1, Laya Gholami Tehrani2, Akbar Daroei2
1- Department of Speech therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hamedan University of Medical Scie
2- Department of Speech therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (8173 Views)

Background and Aim: Reading is the most important human need for learning. In normal-hearing people working memory is a predictor of reading comprehension. In this study the relationship between working memory and reading comprehension skills was studied in hearing-impaired children, and then compared with the normal-hearing group.
Methods: This was a descriptive-analytic study. The working memory and reading comprehension skills of 18 (8 male, 10 female) sever hearing-impaired children in year five of exceptional schools were compared by means of a reading test with 18 hearing children as control group. The subjects in the control group were of the same gender and educational level of the sample group.
Results: The children with hearing loss performed similarly to the normal-hearing children in tasks related to auditory-verbal memory of sounds (reverse), visual-verbal memory of letters, and visual-verbal memory of pictures. However, they showed lower levels of performance in reading comprehension (p<0.001). Moreover, no significant relationship was observed between working memory and reading comprehension skills.
Conclusion: Findings indicated that children with hearing loss have a significant impairment in the reading comprehension skill. Impairment in language knowledge and vocabulary may be the main cause of poor reading comprehension in these children. In hearing-impaired children working memory is not a strong predictor of reading comprehension.

Keywords: Reading comprehension, working memory, hearing loss
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/04/5 | Accepted: 2012/08/8 | Published: 2013/10/15
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Volume 22, Issue 1 (21 2013) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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