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:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (8-2014) ::
aud 2014, 23(3): 82-89 Back to browse issues page
The relationship of theory of mind and executive functions in normal, deaf and cochlear-implanted children
Farideh Nazarzadeh 1, Najme Fazlali1, Nafiseh Mozaffari1, Ali Mashhadi1
1- Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (9196 Views)

Background and Aim : Theory of mind refers to the ability to understand the others have mental states that can be different from one's own mental states or facts. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of theory of mind and executive functions in normal hearing, deaf, and cochlear-implanted children.

Methods: The study population consisted of normal, deaf and cochlear-implanted girl students in Mashhad city, Iran. Using random sampling, 30 children (10 normal, 10 deaf and 10 cochlear-implanted) in age groups of 8-12 years old were selected. To measure the theoty of mind, theory of mind 38-item scale and to assess executive function, Coolidge neuropsychological and personality test was used. Research data were analyzed using the Spearman correlation coefficient, analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Results: There was a significant difference between the groups in the theory of mind and executive function subscales, organization, planning-decision-making, and inhibition. Between normal and deaf groups (p=0.01), as well as cochlear-implanted and deaf groups (p=0.01), there was significant difference in planning decision-making subscale. There was not any significant relationship between the theory of mind and executive functions generally or the theory of mind and executive function subscales in these three groups independently.

Conclusion: Based on our findings, cochlear-implanted and deaf children have lower performance in theory of mind and executive function compared with normal hearing children.

Keywords: Theory of mind, executive functions, deaf, cochlear implant
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2013/05/12 | Accepted: 2013/12/15 | Published: 2014/02/20
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Volume 23, Issue 3 (8-2014) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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