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:: Volume 19, Issue 1 (21 2010) ::
aud 2010, 19(1): 78-85 Back to browse issues page
Use of tense in Persian agrammatic Broca's aphasia
Azar Mehri1, Behnoosh Tahan Zadeh1, Yunes Jahani2
1- Department of Speechtherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Abstract:   (10203 Views)

Background and Aim: Agrammatism is a phenomenon of neuropsychological relevance which has been recently investigated from conceptual and empirical aspects. The present study focuses on grammatical deficit in agrammatic aphasia. We evaluated the impairment of correct use of tenses of Persian verbs in agrammatic Broca&aposs aphasia.
Methods: Eight patients (mean age 57 years) participated in this descriptive - analytic study. They were classified as agrammatic Broca&aposs aphasia according to the Persian aphasia test, their CT Scan and MRI reports and other inclusion criteria. All patients but one were monolingual native speakers of Persian (Farsi). The other individual was bilingual whose dominant language was Persian. All subjects had a left unilateral brain lesion for at least one year after the onset of brain damage. The written sentence completion and picture sentence completion tests were designed and performed.
Results: Results do not indicate significant difference between Past Tenses of verb however, comparison of means showed best scores in Simple Past, Past Continuous, Present Perfect and Past Perfect, respectively. A main result of this study was significant difference between the mean of responses to Past Tense in comparison with Present Tense and Future (p=0.02).
Conclusion: Use of tense is impaired in agrammatic Broca&aposs aphasia in Persian. Our findings point out that use of Past Tense is impaired significantly more than the other tenses of verb.

Keywords: Broca\'s aphasia, agrammatism, verb, tense, Persian language, Farsi
Full-Text [PDF 129 kb]   (4866 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2008/12/14 | Accepted: 2009/06/23 | Published: 2013/10/12
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Volume 19, Issue 1 (21 2010) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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