|||  Journal title: Audiology | Publisher: Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Website: http://aud.tums.ac.ir | Email: aud@tums.ac.ir   |||
   [Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Registration :: Submission :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Contact :: Search ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 1 (21 2013) ::
aud 2013, 22(1): 25-31 Back to browse issues page
Conversational repair strategies in 3 and 5 year old normal Persian-speaking children in Ahwaz, Iran
Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki1, Leila Ghasisin1, Behrooz Mahmoodi Bakhtiari2, Ali Fallah3, Fatemeh Salehi4, Elham Parishan5
1- Department of Speech therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Dramatic Literature, Faculty of Art, University of Tehran, Iran
3- Research and Development Section, Masir Information Technology Company, Tehran, Iran
4- Speech therapy Unit, 13rd Aban School, Abade, Fars, Iran
5- Speech therapy Unit, Behzisti office, Sarvestan, Fars, Iran
Abstract:   (10346 Views)

Background and Aim: The ability of conversational repair is a subset of pragmatic language. When the listener does not understand the speaker&aposs intention, and the speaker cannot find a way of repairing the conversation to make his/her massage clear, communication will fail. This study aims to examine and compare the conversational repair skill in two groups of three and five year old children, to determine different conversational repair strategies and compare these skills among these groups.
Methods: One hundred and twenty Persian speaking children of three and five years of Ahwaz, Iran, were selected. The study tools were two series of pictures. During the retelling of the pictures the examiner created a situation to elicit a conversational repair strategy. Percentages of the usage of different kinds of conversational repair in each group were calculated and compared using student&aposs t-test.
Results: The usage of repetition and inappropriate response is decreased in the group of five year olds compared to the three year olds, but cue-repair and repetition method is increased. The addition method has remained relatively constant. There was a significant difference between average percentage of using repetition (p=0.04) and cue-repair (p=0.001) of the two groups. The percentage of application of repetition method in three year olds and cue-term method in five year olds were significantly higher than other conversational repair strategies.
Conclusion: With the increase in age and development of language skills the probability of using more complex and difficult strategies, like the cue-repair method, increases.

Keywords: Pragmatic, conversational repair, repetition, cue-repair, Persian-speaking child
Full-Text [PDF 128 kb]   |   Full Text (HTML)   (3530 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/01/21 | Accepted: 2012/08/1 | Published: 2013/10/15
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 22, Issue 1 (21 2013) Back to browse issues page
شنوایی شناسی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران Bimonthly Audiology - Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.15 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4610